darkeyed junco (Junco hyemalis)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.

 

IDENTIFICATION:

  • Length: 5.25-6 inches

  • Pink, conical bill

  • White outer tail feathers

  • Considerable geographic variation in plumage

  • Various forms were formerly considered separate species

"White-winged junco":

  • Medium gray head, breast and upperparts

  • White belly

  • White wing bars

  • Female and immatures somewhat browner than male

  • Breeds from Montana to Nebraska

"Oregon junco":

  • Dark gray head and breast

  • Brown back and wings

  • Buffy flanks

  • White belly

  • Female and immatures somewhat duller than male

  • Breeds from Alaska to California

"Slate-colored junco":

  • Dark gray head, breast and upperparts

  • White belly

  • Female and immatures somewhat browner than adult male and may            have buffy flanks

  • Breeds in eastern United States and Canada

"Pink-sided junco":

  • Medium gray head and breast

  • Dark lores

  • Brown back and wings

  • Pinkinsh flanks

  • White belly

  • Female and immatures somewhat browner than male

  • Breeds from Alberta to Idaho

"Gray-headed junco":

  • Medium gray plumage, palest on belly

  • Rusty back

  • Dark lores

  • Sometimes has dark upper mandible

  • Breeds in Rocky Mountains

Similar species: The dark-eyed junco is similar to the local (southeast
Arizona) yellow-eyed junco but has dark eyes. Black-chinned sparrow
has streaked back, brown wings and lacks white in the tail.

 

LIFE HISTORY

Migration Status: Short distance migrant
Breeding Habitat: Woodland
Nest Location: Ground-low nesting
Nest Type: Open-cup
Clutch Size: 3-5
Length of Incubation: 12-13 days
Days to Fledge: 9-13
Number of Broods: 2, occasionally 3 in south, 1 at high elevation and
   latitude
Diet: Primarily seeds; lesser quantities of insects

 

SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE

 

Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.

 

Relative abundance
     C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
     U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
            numbers.
     O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
            sometimes low numbers.
     R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
     Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.

 

Seasonal Occurrence
      Sp - Spring: March, April, May
C
      Su - Summer: June, July, August
      Fall: September, October, November
C

      Winter: December, January, February C

 

 

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