American coot (Fulica americana)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.
Length: 12 inches Wingspan: 25 inches
Fairly large, duck-like waterbird with short wings and a short tail
Very short, thick bill
Frequently seen both swimming and walking
Often flicks and cocks short tail while walking, exposing white outer undertail coverts
Toes have lobed webbing, unlike gallinules
White bill with dark reddish ring just before tip
White frontal shield with reddish oval near tip
Slate gray head, neck, back, upperwings, breast and belly
Lacks the frontal shield of the adult
Horn-colored bill may lack ring near tip
Pale gray-brown head, neck, upperwings, breast and back; feathers on underparts often with paler edges
Common moorhen is of similar size and shape but has a reddish bill with a
yellowish tip, a white stripe along the flanks, and a brownish back.
Breeding Habitat: Wetland-open water
Clutch Size: 2-22
Length of Incubation: 21-25 days
Days to Fledge: 49-56(?)
Number of Broods: usually 1, occasionally 2
Diet: Primarily green plant matter and seeds; lesser quantities of aquatic
SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE
Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.
C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
sometimes low numbers.
R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.
Sp - Spring: March, April, May
Su - Summer: June, July, August
Fall: September, October, November Acc
Winter: December, January, February
Crooked Run Valley