American wigeon (Anas americana)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.
Length: 14 inches Wingspan: 34 inches
Large dabbling duck
Blue bill with black nail
White secondary coverts (grayer in females) and green speculum
Juvenile similar to adult female
Adult male alternate:
Alternate plumage worn from fall through early summer
Green post-ocular stripe
Streaked gray lower face and neck
Rusty breast and flanks
Dark brown back
White patch at rear portion of flanks
Black undertail coverts
Adult male basic:
Similar to adult female but usually retains rusty flanks and white fore- wing
Blue bill with black tip
Mottled dark brown body plumage with rustier flanks contrasting with paler head and neck
Dusky eye patch
Adult in alternate plumage is unmistakable. All plumages distinguished
from all other dabbling ducks (except Eurasian wigeon) by pale gray or
white secondary coverts in flight. At rest wigeon have a distinctive steep
forehead and gently sloped rear part of the head, as well as pale blue bills.
The rare Eurasian wigeon is very similar in female, immature and eclipse
male plumages and is safely distinguished only in flight by its gray, not
white, axillars, and sometimes by the lack of contrast between head and
Breeding Habitat:Wetland-open water
Length of Incubation: 23-25 days
Days to Fledge:37-48
Number of Broods:1
Diet: Primarily green plant matter and seeds; lesser quantities of aquatic
SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE
Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.
C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
sometimes low numbers.
R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.
Sp - Spring: March, April, May Acc
Su - Summer: June, July, August
Fall: September, October, November
Winter: December, January, February Acc
Crooked Run Valley