blackcapped chickadee (Poecile atricapilla)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.
Length: 4.5 inches
Black crown and throat
Pale gray upperparts
White edges to wing coverts
Often found in small flocks
The black-capped chickadee is very similar to the Carolina chickadee
and where their ranges overlap they can be difficult to separate. In fact,
they have trouble telling themselves apart and hybrids occur. The most
obvious difference between them is their songs. Black-capped sings a two
note song while Carolina sings a four note song. Hybrids sing a three note
song. Outsided of the breeding season, when chickadees don't sing much,
the black-capped is slightly larger, has more white edging in the wing and
has slower, lower-pitched calls. Boreal and chestnut-backed chickadees
have more brown in their plumages than the black-capped.
Migration Status: Permanent resident
Breeding Habitat: Woodland
Nest Location: Mid-story/canopy nesting
Nest Type: Cavity
Clutch Size: 5-10
Length of Incubation: 11-13 days
Days to Fledge: 14-18
Number of Broods: 1?
Diet: Mostly insects; lesser quantities of seeds and fruit
SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE
Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.
C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
sometimes low numbers.
R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.
Sp - Spring: March, April, May Acc
Su - Summer: June, July, August
Fall: September, October, November Acc
Winter: December, January, February Acc
Crooked Run Valley