American kestrel (Falco sparverius)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.
Length: 8.5 inches Wingspan: 21 inches
Short, dark, hooked beak
small, long-tailed hawk
Long, narrow, pointed wings
Two black mustache marks
Black spot at rear of crown on both sides
Seen from below, flight feathers are pale with dark barring
Juveniles and immature females like adult female
Rust patch on crown
Rust nape, breast, back and tail
Rust tail has a broad black subterminal band and a narrow white term- inal band
Blue-gray wing coverts
Dark flight feathers with pale subterminal spots creating a "string of pearls"
Black spots on scapulars, wing coverts and flanks
Pale buff breast streaked with brown
Rust-brown nape, back and wing coverts
Back and wing coverts barred heavily with black
Rust-brown tail with numerous dark bars of even width and an arrow white terminal band
Barred rust-brown back barred heavily with black
Sharp-shinned hawk is of similar size, but has rounded wings and much
different patterning. Merlin is larger with broader-based wings, lacks
rust tones to back and wing coverts, has a single mustache mark and
strongly checkered underwings.
Migration Status: Short distance migrant
Breeding Habitat: N/A
Nest Location: N/A
Nest Type: Cavity
Clutch Size: 3-5
Length of Incubation: 29-31 days
Days to Fledge: 30-31
Number of Broods: 1, 2 in south, when prey abundant
Diet: Mostly insects, small mammals.
SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE
Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.
C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
sometimes low numbers.
R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.
Sp - Spring: March, April, May C
Su - Summer: June, July, August C
Fall: September, October, November C
Winter: December, January, February C
Crooked Run Valley