Carolina sedge (Carex caroliniana)
SCIENTIFIC SYNONYMS: There are no scientific synonyms for
TAXONOMY: The currently accepted scientific name for Carolina
sedge is Carex caroliniana Schwein.
NATIVE STATUS: Native, United States.
GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS: Carolina sedge
is a tufted grass-like perennial. The leaves are strap-like, 1.5-4.0 mm
wide, and hairy or the hairs shed as the plant matures. Stems are 25-80
cm tall and have hairs that shed as the plant matures. Towards the apex
of the stems are usually 3 cylindrical flower/fruit clusters (spikes).
These spikes are closely arranged. The terminal spike is composed of
female flowers above and male flowers below. The other spikes are
composed entirely of female flowers and are 7-18 mm long. The female
flowers mature into fruits (perigynia) which are round in cross section,
2.1-3.0 mm long, and are not or only slightly hairy.
REGENERATION PROCESS: Carolina sedge propogates itself by
HABITAT TYPES: Carolina sedge is often associated with ditches and
shores, low woods, bottomlands, and meadows.
SITE CHARACTERISTICS: Carolina sedge is usually found near
or in a water habitat or an area which is periodically moist.
SEASONAL DEVELOPMENT: Fruiting late spring–early summer.
GENERAL DISTRIBUTION: Carolina sedge is known from New
York and New Jersey south to Georgia and west to Texas, Oklahoma,
Kansas, and Indiana. Carolina sedge does not naturally occur in the
New England states, upper mid-West, southwest, Rocky Mountain, or
Pacific Coast states. It does not occur in Canada.
SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION:
Grass specimens can be found on trails marked in red.
Appalachian Trail/Old Trail
South Ridge/North Ridge
Rolling Meadows/ Lost Mountain
The specific distribution of Carolina sedge has not been determined.
IMPORTANCE AND USES: Insufficient information.
Crooked Run Valley