cloudless sulphur (Phoebis sennae)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.


FAMILY: Whites and Sulphurs (Pieridae)
SUBFAMILY: Sulphurs (Coliadinae)


IDENTIFICATION: Upper surface of male is lemon yellow with no
markings. Female is yellow or white; outer edges of both wings
with irregular black borders; upper forewing with dark spot in cell.
Lower surface of hindwing of both sexes with 2 pink-edged silver spots.


LIFE HISTORY: Males patrol with rapid flight, searching for receptive
females. Eggs are laid singly on young leaves or flower buds of host
plants; caterpillars eat leaves and rest on underside of leaf petioles.


FLIGHT: Many flights year around in the Deep South; may have one
flight in late summer in other southern states; immigrants to northern
states in August or September usually do not reproduce.


WING SPAN: 2 1/4 - 3 1/8 inches (5.7 - 8 cm).


CATERPILLAR HOSTS: Cassia species in the pea family (Fabaceae).


ADULT FOOD: Nectar from many different flowers with long tubes
including cordia, bougainvilla, cardinal flower, hibiscus, lantana, and
wild morning glory.


HABITAT: Disturbed open areas including parks, yards, gardens, beaches,
road edges, abandoned fields, scrub.


RANGE: Permanent resident from Argentina north to southern Texas
and the Deep South. Regular visitor and occasional colonist in most of
the eastern United States and the Southwest.


CONSERVATION: Not usually required.


NATURESERVE GLOBAL STATUS: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally,
though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the
periphery.


MANAGEMENT NEEDS: None reported.


SKY MEADOWS OCCURRENCE:

 

Note: Due to seasonal conditions in this region, occurrence may vary from

year to year. The designation of occurrence may range over two or more

categories and may vary even during a single season.

 

Key to Checklist

A   Abundant: Easy to see very large numbers of individuals in appropriate habitat
      at proper time of year.
C   Common: Usually each to see good numbers of individuals in appropriate habitat
      at proper time of year.
U   Uncommon: Sometimes found in appropriate habitat and proper time of year,
      usually in low numbers.
O   Occasional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times a year, usually
      in low numbers.

R   Rare: Small chance of being found, even in appropriate habitat at proper time of
      year. There are few individuals and may not be present every year.
X   Extirpated: Formerly present, no longer occurs in Sky Meadows Park.

 

      January

      February

      March

      April
      May

      June

      July

      August

      September

      October

      November

      December

 

 

Back to Inventory of Butterfly Families and Species

Home Page

Park Activities

   Calendar of Events
  
Volunteer Programs

   Park Regulations

Sky Meadows Park
  
Location
   Geography
   Habitats
   Trails
   Visiting Park

   Virtual Tours

Crooked Run Valley

   Historic District

   Architecture Sites

   Mt. Bleak

   Historical Events

   Park History

   Agriculture

Special Projects

   Blue Bird

   Biodiversity Survey

   BioBlitz 

 

Home Page

Nature Guide

   Purpose

   Databases

   Copyright

Plants

   Trees

   Shrubs

   Vines

   Forbs/Herbs

   Ferns

   Grasses

Animals

   Mammals

   Birds

   Reptiles

   Amphibians

   Fish

   Butterflies

   Bees

Fungi

   Mushrooms

   Lichens