common yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.

 

IDENTIFICATION:

  • Length: 4.25 inches

  • small, insect-eating bird

  • Thin, pointed bill

  • Yellow throat and breast

  • Brownish flanks

  • Whitish belly

  • Olive upperparts

  • Pink legs

  • Considerable plumage variation across its range

Adult male:

  • Black mask with white upper border

  • Bright yellow throat

Female and immature:

  • Brownish-olive head

  • Broken white eye ring

  • Throat and breast not as bright yellow as adult males

  • Immature males begin to acquire the black mask in the fall

Similar species:

The adult male common yellowthroat is instantly recognizable with its
black mask. Immature males often have a semblance of the mask.
Females and immatures are similar to female and immature mourning
and MacGillivray's warblers but yellowthroats have whiter bellies and
lack a gray hood or olive breast band.

 

LIFE HISTORY

Migration Status: Neotropical migrant
Breeding Habitat: Successional-scrub
Nest Location: Ground-low nesting
Nest Type: Open-cup
Clutch Size: 3-5
Length of Incubation: 12 days
Days to Fledge: 10
Number of Broods: 2
Diet: Primarily insects; lesser quantities of seeds

 

SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE

 

Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.

 

Relative abundance
     C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
     U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
            numbers.
     O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
            sometimes low numbers.
     R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
     Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.

 

Seasonal Occurrence
      Sp - Spring: March, April, May
C
      Su - Summer: June, July, August C
      Fall: September, October, November U

      Winter: December, January, February

 

 

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