common yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.
Length: 4.25 inches
small, insect-eating bird
Thin, pointed bill
Yellow throat and breast
Considerable plumage variation across its range
Black mask with white upper border
Bright yellow throat
Female and immature:
Broken white eye ring
Throat and breast not as bright yellow as adult males
Immature males begin to acquire the black mask in the fall
The adult male common yellowthroat is instantly recognizable with its
black mask. Immature males often have a semblance of the mask.
Females and immatures are similar to female and immature mourning
and MacGillivray's warblers but yellowthroats have whiter bellies and
lack a gray hood or olive breast band.
Migration Status: Neotropical migrant
Breeding Habitat: Successional-scrub
Nest Location: Ground-low nesting
Nest Type: Open-cup
Clutch Size: 3-5
Length of Incubation: 12 days
Days to Fledge: 10
Number of Broods: 2
Diet: Primarily insects; lesser quantities of seeds
SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE
Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.
C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
sometimes low numbers.
R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.
Sp - Spring: March, April, May C
Su - Summer: June, July, August C
Fall: September, October, November U
Winter: December, January, February
Crooked Run Valley