eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus mallurus)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Not confirmed.
CHARACTERISTICS: The females are larger than the males, and have a
total length from 400-477 mm, and a weight of 842-1533 grams. It has a
large cottontail, and the coat is long and dense, brownish to grayish on the
upper parts, white on the underside and tail. The onset of the breeding
season varies between populations and from year-to-year within popula-
tions. Three to four litters of 3-6 young per litter are born each year. The
home range is affected by the distribution and type of cover and abundance
of food. They will also consume their own soft fecal droppings extracting
additional energy and vitamins. The nests are slanting holes, generally
lined with leaves and grass with an inner lining of fur. Shelter and resting
cover is provided by brushpiles. The home range size is 5.5 acres/.0086
square miles. They are generally nocturnal and are most active at dawn
and dusk. When injured or captured their screams may serve to warn
others. The average life span is 15 months and the potential life span is
DISTRIBUTION:This particular subspecies is found in all areas of state
except for the far northwest and the southern tip of the eastern shore.
They are found in early successional stages of almost all forest types.
They also use heavy brush strips of forest with open areas nearby,
edges of swamps and weed patches.
FOODS: This species consumes green vegetation in the summer and
twigs and the bark of small shrubs in the winter. It consumes
herbaceous plant parts, woody plant parts and herbaceous fruit.
Crooked Run Valley