European starling (Sturnus vulgaris)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.
Length: 6 inches
Pointed bill-yellow for most of year, dark in fall
Black plumage with green and purple iridescence
White spots scattered about head and body-largest in fall
Dark wings and tail
Juvenile gray-brown with faint streaking below
Very common-frequently seen in large flocks
The European starling is somewhat similar to blackbirds, cowbirds and
grackles but has a shorter tail, chunkier body, white spots on the head
and body (most evident in fall), and a yellow bill (not evident in the fall).
Migration Status: Short distance migrant
Breeding Habitat: Urban
Nest Location: Mid-story/canopy nesting
Nest Type: Cavity
Clutch Size: 4-7
Length of Incubation: 12-14 days
Days to Fledge: 18-21
Number of Broods: 2, occasionally 3
Diet: Mostly insects; lesser quantities of fruit
SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE
Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.
C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
sometimes low numbers.
R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.
Sp - Spring: March, April, May C
Su - Summer: June, July, August C
Fall: September, October, November C
Winter: December, January, February C
Crooked Run Valley