Flycatchers (Family Tyrannidae)

 

The tyrant flycatchers (Tyrannidae) are a family of passerine
birds which occur throughout North and South America, but are mainly
Neotropical in distribution. They are now considered the largest family
of birds on Earth, with around 400 species. In every country in the
Americas, except for the United States and Canada, they are the most
diverse avian family. As could be expected from a family this large, the
members vary greatly both in shape, patterns and colours.

 

Most, but not all, are rather plain, and many have erectile crests. As the
name implies, most are insectivorous, but some will eat fruit or small
vertebrates (e.g., small frogs). The smallest family members are the
closely related shorttailed pygmy tyrant and black-capped pygmy
tyrant. With a total length of a mere 6.5-6.8 cm (2.5-2.7 in) and a
weight of 4-5 grams, they are the smallest passerines on earth. The
largest tyrant flycatcher is the great shrike-tyrant at 29 cm (11.5 in)
and 88 grams (3.1 oz). A few species such as the streamertailed tyrant,
scissortailed flycatcher and forktailed flycatcher have a larger total
length, but this is mainly due to their very long tails.

 

 

Back to Inventory of Bird Families and Species

Home Page

Park Activities

   Calendar of Events
  
Volunteer Programs

   Park Regulations

Sky Meadows Park
  
Location
   Geography
   Habitats
   Trails
   Visiting Park

   Virtual Tours

Crooked Run Valley

   Historic District

   Architecture Sites

   Mt. Bleak

   Historical Events

   Park History

   Agriculture

Special Projects

   Blue Bird

   Biodiversity Survey

   BioBlitz 

 

Home Page

Nature Guide

   Purpose

   Databases

   Copyright

Plants

   Trees

   Shrubs

   Vines

   Forbs/Herbs

   Ferns

   Grasses

Animals

   Mammals

   Birds

   Reptiles

   Amphibians

   Fish

   Butterflies

   Bees

Fungi

   Mushrooms

   Lichens