fox sparrow (Passerella iliaca)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.
Length: 6.25 inches
Conical bill with yellow lower mandible
Very large sparrow
Thick malar streak
Heavy spotting below
Extremely variable plumage across range
Eastern United States:
Gray crown, nape and back
Bright rusty rump and tail
Rusty brown cheeks, malar streak, streaks on back, wings and spotting below
Western United States:
Dark brown to gray upperparts
Wings and tail sometimes same color as back, sometimes browner
Bill size very large in one race
Spotting underneath usually very dark
The fox sparrow is much larger than other sparrows and might at first
be mistaken for a thrush but note the thick, conical bill.
Migration Status: Short distance migrant
Breeding Habitat: Successional-scrub
Nest Location: Ground-low nesting
Nest Type: Open-cup
Clutch Size: 3-5
Length of Incubation: 12-14 days
Days to Fledge: 9-11
Number of Broods: 2
Diet: Mostly seeds; lesser quantities of insects and fruit
SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE
Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.
C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
sometimes low numbers.
R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.
Sp - Spring: March, April, May U
Su - Summer: June, July, August
Fall: September, October, November U
Winter: December, January, February U
Crooked Run Valley