golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.
Length: 32 inches Wingspan: 78 inches
Very large, broad-winged, broad-tailed hawk
Short, dark, hooked beak with yellow cere
Golden feathering on nape
Plumage almost entirely dark brown, without white in underwing coverts
Two pale brown median tail bands
Golden band on upperwing coverts
Plumage almost entirely dark brown
White bases to outer secondaries and inner primaries produces oval, white patch
White tail with broad, crisp, dark terminal band
Plumage gradually darkens to resemble that of adult, with white in wings disappearing
Turkey vulture has a tiny, unfeathered head, holds its wings in a dihedral
and has contrastingly paler flight feathers while black vulture has white
outer primaries and quite different, snappy wingbeats. Immature bald
eagles are similar (very large and dark overall) but differ in fundemental
aspects of shape. Golden eagles are smaller-headed, smaller-billed and
somewhat slimmer-winged than bald eagles and fly with wings held in a
dihedral. Immature bald eagles always have patchy white underwings
and (occasionally) bellies. Golden eagles have crisp white patches
restricted to the inner primaries and base of tail. Immature golden
eagles have yellow ceres while immature balds have dark ceres, a useful
mark for perched birds. At great heights, dark morph buteos can be
similar but are always shorter-winged with more diffuse white areas
on underwings and different tail patterns.
Migration Status: Short distance migrant
Breeding Habitat: N/A
Nest Location: N/A
Nest Type: N/A
Clutch Size: 1-3
Length of Incubation: 43-45 days
Days to Fledge: 66-75
Number of Broods: 1
Diet: Mostly small mammals; lesser quantities of birds, reptiles or
SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE
Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.
C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
sometimes low numbers.
R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.
Sp - Spring: March, April, May R
Su - Summer: June, July, August
Fall: September, October, November O
Winter: December, January, February R
Crooked Run Valley