greater yellowlegs (Tringa melanoleuca)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.
Length: 11 inches
Medium-sized long-legged shorebird
Long, thin bill is slightly upturned
Dark bill often has a slightly paler base
Bill length is approximately 1.5 times the length of the head
Bright yellow legs
White tail is crossed with thin black bars
Juvenile similar to basic-plumaged adult
Head, neck, and chest are extensively streaked with black
Pale flanks are barred with black
Whitish belly with sparse dark bars and chevrons
Back and upperwings are dark brown, dappled with black and white
White notches on wing feathers appear as white spots on back
Whitish supercilium and eyering, dusky lores
Head and neck pale, streaked sparsely with brown
Breast, and to a lesser extent, flanks, streaked and spotted with gray- brown
Dark brown back, with pale flecks and feather edges
Buff notches on wing feathers appear as white spots on back
Solitary sandpiper is smaller, shorter-billed and has a bolder eye ring,
a dark rump, and green legs. The lesser yellowlegs is very similar but
is smaller, with a straighter and proportionately shorter bill that is
uniformly dark. In alternate plumage lesser yellowlegs has short,
indistinct bars on flanks. The safest way to distinguish the two is the
call: a harsh series of three or more notes in greater yellowlegs
versus a softer, mellower single or double note of the lesser yellowlegs.
Migration Status: N/A
Breeding Habitat: N/A
Nest Location: N/A
Nest Type: N/A
Clutch Size: 4
Length of Incubation: 23 days
Days to Fledge: 18-20
Number of Broods: 1
Diet: Primarily fish, aquatic invertebrates
SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE
Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.
C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
sometimes low numbers.
R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.
Sp - Spring: March, April, May R
Su - Summer: June, July, August
Fall: September, October, November Acc
Winter: December, January, February
Crooked Run Valley