hooded merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.
Length: 13 inches Wingspan: 26 inches
small, compact diving duck
Long, pointed bill with serrated edges
Erectile, fan-like crest extends from back of head
Dark bill and wings
Often cocks its tail like a ruddy duck
Immature similar to adult female
Black head and back
Large white patch in the center of the crest
White breast and belly
Black and white stripes at forward portion of reddish flanks
Inner half of upperwings whitish, brodered by 2 dark bars
Alternate plumage worn from fall through early summer
Male in basic eclipse plumage similar to adult female
Cold gray-brown head, neck, flanks, back, and upperwings with paler breast
Faint reddish tinge to crest
Adult male in alternate plumage is unmistakable. Female vaguely
similar to other mergansers but much smaller with cold brown head,
with reddish fan-like crest, and dark bill.
Migration Status: N/A
Breeding Habitat: Wetland-open water
Nest Location: N/A
Nest Type: Cavity
Clutch Size: 5-15
Length of Incubation: 32-33(28-41) days
Days to Fledge: 71
Number of Broods: 1
Diet: Mostly fish; lesser quantities of aquatic invertebrates
SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE
Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.
C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
sometimes low numbers.
R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.
Sp - Spring: March, April, May C
Su - Summer: June, July, August
Fall: September, October, November
Winter: December, January, February R
Calendar of Events
Sky Meadows Park
Crooked Run Valley