northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.
Length: 8 inches
Small, chunky, short-tailed, round-winged, ground-dwelling bird
Slight crest at top of head
White chin and supercilium
Black cap, eyeline, nape and throat
Reddish-brown body stippled with white and black spots
Buff throat and supercilium
Dark cap, eyeline, nape and throat
Reddish-brown body with darker back
Black and white streaks and chevrons about underparts and back
Unmarked cinnamon breast and belly
Reintroduced with limited success to southeast Arizona
Female Montezuma quail may resemble northern bobwhite, but has a head
that appears helmeted rather than crested. Montezuma quail also lacks the
strongly contrasting supercilium and throat of northern bobwhite and has a
Migration Status: Permanent resident
Breeding Habitat: Successional-scrub
Nest Location: N/A
Nest Type: N/A
Clutch Size: 12-20
Length of Incubation: 23-24 days
Days to Fledge: 6-7
Number of Broods: 1
Diet: Primarily seeds; lesser quantities of green plant matter fruit and
SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE
Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.
C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
sometimes low numbers.
R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.
Sp - Spring: March, April, May U
Su - Summer: June, July, August U
Fall: September, October, November R
Winter: December, January, February R
Crooked Run Valley