northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.
Length: 7.75 inches
Large, conical bill
Bright red plumage, dullest on back and wings
Black around base of bill
Reddish crest, wings and tail
Juvenile like adult female but has dark bill and crest
The male northern cardinal is unmistakeable. Females and juveniles are
similar to pyrrhuloxia but pyrrhuloxia has a yellow bill with a curved
culmen and is grayer, less brown.
Migration Status: Permanent resident
Breeding Habitat: Successional-scrub
Nest Location: Ground-low nesting
Nest Type: Open-cup
Clutch Size: 2-5
Length of Incubation: 12-13 days
Days to Fledge: 9-10
Number of Broods: 2, 3, occasionally 4
Diet: Mostly seeds and fruit; lesser quantities of insects
SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE
Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.
C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
sometimes low numbers.
R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.
Sp - Spring: March, April, May C
Su - Summer: June, July, August C
Fall: September, October, November C
Winter: December, January, February C
Crooked Run Valley