Crooked Run Valley
purple martin (Progne subis)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.
Length: 7 inches
Most often seen flying
Will nest communally at martin houses in residential and agricultural areas
Dark purple plumage, usually appears black
Immature males similar to female but may be splotched with dark purple
Dark gray upperparts with some purple coloration
Whitish underparts with gray breast band and throat with some speck- ling on sides and belly
Immature plumages similar to female
The male purple martin is easily told from other swallows by its entirely
dark plumage. It is vaguely similar to the starling but has a smaller bill,
longer wings and a darker plumage. Female purple martins are similar
to bank and northern rough-winged swallows but are larger, and flap
more slowly. At close range, the darker upperparts of the martin are
Migration Status: Neotropical migrant
Breeding Habitat: Urban
Nest Location: Mid-story/canopy nesting
Nest Type: Cavity
Clutch Size: 3-8
Length of Incubation: 15-18 days
Days to Fledge: 26-31
Number of Broods: 1-3
Diet: Exclusively insects
SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE
Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.
C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
sometimes low numbers.
R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.
Sp - Spring: March, April, May O
Su - Summer: June, July, August O
Fall: September, October, November
Winter: December, January, February