Quail, Partiridges (Family Phasianidae)

 

The Phasianidae is a family of birds which consists of the pheasants and
partridges, and including the junglefowl (including chicken), Old World
quail, francolins, monals and peafowl. The family is a large one, containing
38 genera and around 138 species. The family is occasionally broken up
into two subfamilies, the Phasianinae, which holds 49 species of pheasant,
and the Perdicinae, which holds the 106 remaining species. Sometimes
additional families and birds are treated as being in this family as well;
the American Ornithologists' Union includes the grouse, guineafowls, and
turkeys in as subfamilies.

 

Phasianids are terrestrial, ground living species. They are variable in size
and ranging from 43 g, in the case of the Asian blue quail, to 6 kg in the
case of the Indian peafowl. There is generally sexual dimorphism in size,
with males tending to be larger than females. They are generally plump,
with broad relatively short wings and strong legs.

 

 

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