redheaded woodpecker (Melanerpes erythrocephalus)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.
Length: 7.5 inches
Fairly large, strikingly black and white woodpecker
Bright red head and neck
White breast, belly, rump, and vent
Black back and wings with prominent white secondaries visible in flight and at rest
Mottled brown head and neck
White breast, belly, and rump variably marked with brown streaking
Dark brown back and upperwings with paler edgings
White secondaries broken by brown lateral bars
Dark brown tail
Entirely red head of adult should easily separate it from all but red-
breasted sapsucker (which does not overlap in range, and has paterned
back, yellow belly, and a different wing pattern). Note the red-headed
woodpecker's different position of the white wing patch (especially in
flight), white belly, and larger size. It may be confused with the largely
dissimilar red-bellied woodpecker at times, but attention to the gray
face and throat, and barred back and wings of the red-bellied should
eliminate any confusion.
Migration Status: Short distance migrant
Breeding Habitat: N/A
Nest Location: N/A
Nest Type: Cavity
Clutch Size: 4-7
Length of Incubation: 12-13 days
Days to Fledge: 27-30
Number of Broods: 1, often 2
Diet: Mostly nuts, seeds; lesser quantities of insects, fruit
SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE
Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.
C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
sometimes low numbers.
R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.
Sp - Spring: March, April, May C
Su - Summer: June, July, August C
Fall: September, October, November C
Winter: December, January, February C
Crooked Run Valley