rubythroated hummingbird (Archilochus colubris)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.
Length: 3 inches
Long, straight, thin bill
Bright green back and crown
White underparts with greenish flanks
Iridescent scarlet gorget
Black face and chin
Entirely dark forked tail
White chin and throat with variable amounts of thin dark streaking
Dark, shallowly-forked tail with white tips on outer tail feathers
No other hummingbirds occur regularly over much of its range, but there
is some overlap in the southeast and Texas. The broad-tailed hummingbird
is similar to the male ruby-throated, but has a rosy-red throat rather than a
scarlet or ruby throat patch. Male ruby-throated hummingbirds can also be identified by their black face and chin, and their distinctive call notes, and
the lack of a wing whistle produced by their wings in flight. Females are
similar to a number of other female hummingbirds, and are best told from
the calliope hummingbird and species in the genus Selasphorus by their
lack of rufous on the flanks and in the tail. Anna's hummingbirds are
larger and have grayer chests, while Costa's hummingbirds differ only in
subtleties of facial pattern and tail pattern. Black-chinned hummingbird
females are essentially identical, and are not safely separable from female
ruby-throateds except in the hand. Best told from all species except black-
chinned hummingbird by call.
Migration Status: Neotropical migrant
Breeding Habitat: Woodland
Nest Location: N/A
Nest Type: N/A
Clutch Size: 2
Length of Incubation: 11-14? days
Days to Fledge: 14-28
Number of Broods: 2, occasionally 3
Diet: Exclusively nectar, insects
SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE
Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.
C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
sometimes low numbers.
R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.
Sp - Spring: March, April, May R
Su - Summer: June, July, August O
Fall: September, October, November C
Winter: December, January, February
Crooked Run Valley