ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.
Length: 14 inches
Medium-sized, stocky, round-winged, chicken-like bird
Crest at top of head
Blacish ruffs on sides of neck
Head, neck, and back brown or gray
Breast whitish with brown and black bars and chevrons
Long, squarish tail
Tail brown or gray with narrow black and pale bars and broad black- ish subterminal band
Sharp-tailed grouse is more white and tan than brown or gray and has a
long, pointed tail with white outer tail feathers. Spruce and blue grouse
are darker and lack the black subterminal tail band.
Migration Status: Permanent resident
Breeding Habitat: Woodland
Nest Location: N/A
Nest Type: N/A
Clutch Size: 9-12
Length of Incubation: 23-24(21-28) days
Days to Fledge: 10-12
Number of Broods: 1
Diet: Almost exclusively plant matter; lesser quantities of insects
SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE
Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.
C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
sometimes low numbers.
R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.
Sp - Spring: March, April, May U
Su - Summer: June, July, August U
Fall: September, October, November U
Winter: December, January, February U
Crooked Run Valley