Savannah sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.
Length: 4.75 inches
Short, forked tail
Yellow to whitish supercilium
Thin, white central crown stripe
Brown upperparts ( varies from dark brown to gray-brown) with dark streaks
White underparts with dark streaks
Juvenile plumage (summer) somewhat darker
Found in open fields with fairly short vegetation
Forages on the ground
Variation in plumage and size across its range
In its open country habitat, the Savannah sparrow is most similar to
vesper and song sparrows. It can be told from both by its yellowish
supercilium, white central crown stripe and short tail. Baird's and
juvenile grasshopper sparrow are larger-headed and billed. When
flushed, the Savannah sparrow tends to fly fairly high to its next
perch whereas song sparrows fly low and pump their tails, vesper
sparrows often show considerable white in the tail and grasshopper
sparrows fly very low.
Migration Status: Short distance migrant
Breeding Habitat: Grassland
Nest Location: Ground-low nesting
Nest Type: Open-cup
Clutch Size: 3-6
Length of Incubation: (10-)12-13 days
Days to Fledge: 7-10(-14?)
Number of Broods: 2, 1 in far north
Diet: Mostly seeds; lesser quantities of insects
SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE
Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.
C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
sometimes low numbers.
R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.
Sp - Spring: March, April, May C
Su - Summer: June, July, August R
Fall: September, October, November C
Winter: December, January, February C
Crooked Run Valley