showy skullcap (Scutellaria serrata)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COMMON NAME:
showy skullcap

 

SCIENTIFIC SYNONYMS: There are no scientific synonyms for
Scutellaria serrata.

 

CONFIRMATION STATUS: Pending confirmation.

 

TAXONOMY: The currently accepted scientific name for showy
skullcap is Scutellaria serrata Andrews.

 

NATIVE STATUS: Native, United States.

 

GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS:

 

Habit: Showy skullcap is a herbaceous perennial growing to a height for

1 to 2 feet. It has a single unbranched, hairless (or nearly so) square stem

arising from a woody base.

 

Leaves: Leaves usually 4 or 5 pairs, the upper ones the largest with short

petioles. The leaves are hairless, large (2 to 4 inches), ovate, coarsely tooth-

ed and pointed. Lower leaves with base tapering into a long petiole.

 

Flowers: The flowers are tubular, narrow, violet-blue in color, snapdragon shaped-flowers. Upper petal a concave caplike structure with two smaller,

lateral petal lobes. Bottom petal lobes fused into a downward hanging, bi-

lobed lip. Corolla tube bent upwards. Flowers arranged in a terminal ra-

ceme (loose spike).

 

Fruit/Seeds: Nutlets about 2 mm. in diameter, covered with small, blunt projections.

 

Roots: Insufficient information.

 

REGENERATION PROCESS: Showy skullcap propogates itself by
reseeding.

 

HABITAT TYPES: Habitats include rich open woods, thickets, clear-
ings, and along river banks.

 

SITE CHARACTERISTICS: Showy skullcap prefers partial to full
shade and does best in rich, well drained, moderately moist soil.

 

SEASONAL DEVELOPMENT: Showy skullcap blooms in late spring,
to early summer, May and June.

 

GENERAL DISTRIBUTION: Showy skullcap naturally occurs in the
eastern portion of the United States, ranging from Florida to New York,

and west to the states adjacent to the Mississippi River/Ohio River. It does

not naturally occur in the New England states, mid-West, southwest, far

west or northwest states. It does not naturally occur in any Canadian prov-

ince.

 

SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION: To be determined.

 

IMPORTANCE AND USES: There is insufficient information pertaining

to the faunal and floral relationships.

 

Showy skullcap is used as an ornamental, particularly for moist to dry
woodland or shade gardens.

 

 

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