sleepy orange (Abaeis nicippe)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.
FAMILY: Whites and Sulphurs (Pieridae)
SUBFAMILY: Sulphurs (Coliadinae)
IDENTIFICATION: Upperside of wings orange in both sexes; orange-
yellow form rare. Forewing with small black cell spot. Male with
sharply defined black borders on outer and costal margins; female
borders not so well-defined. In winter form, underside of hindwing
is brick red, brown, or tan; in summer form it is orange-yellow.
LIFE HISTORY: Males patrol flats and gullies for females. Females lay
eggs singly under host plant leaves. Caterpillars eat leaves. Dry season
form overwinters and lays eggs in spring.
FLIGHT: Four-five flights, all year long, in southern Texas and Deep
South. Mid- to late summer in the north.
WING SPAN: 1 3/8 - 2 1/4 inches (3.5 - 5.7 cm).
CATERPILLAR HOSTS: Cassia species in the pea family (Fabaceae).
ADULT FOOD: Nectar from many species of flowers, including shepherd's
needle (Bidens pilosa).
HABITAT: Low elevation areas including pine flats, fields, desert scrub,
gardens, vacant lots, road edges, and washes.
RANGE: Central America north to along the United States-Mexico
border; vagrant to non-mountainous parts of the eastern U. S. south
of 40 latitude; rare stray to Ontario, Connecticut, South Dakota, and
CONSERVATION: Not usually required.
NATURESERVE GLOBAL STATUS: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally,
though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the
MANAGEMENT NEEDS: None reported.
SKY MEADOWS OCCURRENCE:
Note: Due to seasonal conditions in this region, occurrence may vary from
year to year. The designation of occurrence may range over two or more
categories and may vary even during a single season.
Key to Checklist
A Abundant: Easy to see very large numbers of individuals in appropriate habitat
at proper time of year.
C Common: Usually each to see good numbers of individuals in appropriate habitat
at proper time of year.
U Uncommon: Sometimes found in appropriate habitat and proper time of year,
usually in low numbers.
O Occasional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times a year, usually
in low numbers.
R Rare: Small chance of being found, even in appropriate habitat at proper time of
year. There are few individuals and may not be present every year.
X Extirpated: Formerly present, no longer occurs in Sky Meadows Park.
Crooked Run Valley