song sparrow (Melospiza melodia)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.
Length: 5.5 inches
Grayish face and supercilium
Brown streak extends behind eye
Thick malar streak
Brown back with darker streaks
Brown wings with some rust
Underparts white with heavy dark streaks and central breast spot
Long, brown, rounded tail
Juvenile (summer) similar to adult but buffier
Considerable variation in plumage across its range from dark to rusty upperparts and in bill size and shape
The song sparrow can be told from the Lincoln's sparrow by its larger
bill, heavier streaking on the breast and flanks, lack of buffy color on
the breast and face, brown back, larger size and longer tail. Juvenile
song sparrows are very similar to juvenile swamp and Lincoln's
sparrows. Savannah sparrow is similar but smaller-billed and shorter-
tailed with a yellowish supercilium. Fox sparrow is much larger.
Migration Status: Short distance migrant
Breeding Habitat: Successional-scrub
Nest Location: Ground-low nesting
Nest Type: Open-cup
Clutch Size: 3-5
Length of Incubation: 12-14 days
Days to Fledge: 9-12(-16)
Number of Broods: 2-3, occasionally 4
Diet: Mostly seeds; lesser quantities of insects
SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE
Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.
C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
sometimes low numbers.
R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.
Sp - Spring: March, April, May C
Su - Summer: June, July, August U
Fall: September, October, November C
Winter: December, January, February C
Crooked Run Valley