Crooked Run Valley
Violet (Family Violaceae)
Violaceae is a family of flowering plants consisting of about 800
species in 21 genera. It takes its name from Genus Viola, the
violets and pansies. Older classifications such as the Cronquist sys-
tem placed Violaceae in an order named after it, the Violales. How-
ever, newer classifications such as that of the Angiosperm Phylogeny
Group locate it in the Malpighiales. Though the best-known genus,
Viola, is herbaceous, most species are shrubs or small trees.
Family Violaceae is worldwide, but members are particularly abun-
dant in tropical regions.
Highly valued for their beauty, over 120 species of Viola are grown
as ornamentals (with some escaping and becoming naturalized).
Twelve species of the Viola genus have been identified as occur-
ring in Facquier County; of these twelve species, six distinct species
occur in Sky Meadows State Park.