whitethroated sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis)
CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.
Length: 5.75 inches
Dark conical bill
Long slightly forked tail
Bold black and white (or tan) head stripes
White throat contrasting with gray breast and cheeks
Brown back with dark streaks
Brown wings with two white wingbars
Basic and Juvenile:
Similar to alternate but duller
Blurry streaks on breast and flanks
Stripes on head tan and brown
Indistinct yellow lores
In spring, the bold head stripes and yellow lores are diagnostic. In fall,
these features may be less noticeable. The contrasting white throat and
dark bill separate it from the white-crowned wparrow. Swamp wparrow
has rusty wings and is smaller.
Migration Status: Short distance migrant
Breeding Habitat: Successional-scrub
Nest Location: Ground-low nesting
Nest Type: Open-cup
Clutch Size: 3-6
Length of Incubation: 11-14 days
Days to Fledge: 8-9(7-12)
Number of Broods: 1, occasionally 2
Diet: Mostly seeds; lesser quantities of insects and fruit
SKY MEADOWS DISTRIBUTION/SEASONAL OCCURRENCE
Relative abundance and seasonal occurrence are indicated in red below.
C - Common: Likely to be present in good numbers in appropriate habitat and season.
U - Uncommon: May be present in appropriate habitat and season, often in low
O - Occassional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times per season,
sometimes low numbers.
R - Rare: May not be recorded every year.
Acc - Accidental: Recorded once or twice, may not be expected again for a long time.
Sp - Spring: March, April, May C
Su - Summer: June, July, August
Fall: September, October, November C
Winter: December, January, February C
Crooked Run Valley