zabulon skipper (Poanes zabulon)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONFIRMATION STATUS: Confirmed.


FAMILY: Skippers (Hesperiidae)
SUBFAMILY: Grass Skippers (Hesperiinae)


IDENTIFICATION: Male black borders and no stigma. Underside of
hindwing is mostly yellow with a dark brown wingbase and outer
margin. Female: Upperside is purple-brown with pale yellow spots;
underside of hindwing is brown and purple-gray with a white-edged
costal margin.


LIFE HISTORY: Males perch in sunlit openings or edges on leaves about
3-5 feet above the ground. They appear to defend their territory and
may keep a perch for up to a week. Courtship usually occurs in the
afternoon. Females lay eggs singly under the host leaves. Caterpillars
feed on leaves and make shelters of silk-tied leaves.


FLIGHT: Two broods from May-September in the north; several broods
all year in the tropical highlands.


WING SPAN: 1 3/8 - 1 5/8 inches (3.5 - 4.2 cm).


CATERPILLAR HOSTS: Grasses including lovegrass (Eragrostis),
purpletop (Tridens), bluegrass (Poa), wheatgrass (Agropyron),
orchardgrass (Dactylis), wildrye (Elymus), and bentgrass (Agrostis).


ADULT FOOD: Nectar from a variety of flowers including the exotics
Japanese honeysuckle, red clover, everlasting pea, and selfheal; and
the natives blackberry, purple vetch, common milkweed, buttonbush,
joe-pye weed, and thistles.


HABITAT: Brushy openings near moist forests and streams.


RANGE: Massachusetts west through southern Michigan to central
Kansas; south to central Florida, southern Louisiana, and northeast
Texas. Strays to New Mexico, South Dakota, and southern Quebec.
A separate population ranges from central Mexico south to Panama.
CONSERVATION: Not usually required.


NATURESERVE GLOBAL STATUS: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally,
though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the
periphery.


MANAGEMENT NEEDS: None reported.


SKY MEADOWS OCCURRENCE:

 

Note: Due to seasonal conditions in this region, occurrence may vary from

year to year. The designation of occurrence may range over two or more

categories and may vary even during a single season.

 

Key to Checklist

A   Abundant: Easy to see very large numbers of individuals in appropriate habitat
      at proper time of year.

C   Common: Usually each to see good numbers of individuals in appropriate habitat
      at proper time of year.

U   Uncommon: Sometimes found in appropriate habitat and proper time of year,
      usually in low numbers.

O   Occasional: Found in appropriate habitat perhaps only a few times a year, usually
      in low numbers.

R   Rare: Small chance of being found, even in appropriate habitat at proper time of
      year. There are few individuals and may not be present every year.
X   Extirpated: Formerly present, no longer occurs in Sky Meadows Park.

 

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      April
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      July

      August

      September

      October

      November

      December

 

 

Back to Inventory of Butterfly Families and Species

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