eastern smooth earthsnake (Virginia valeriae valariae)
CHARACTERISTICS: This is a dark gray snake with an irregular
pattern of tiny black flecks or spots on the back and a cream-colored
belly. Occasionally it may be reddish-brown. There may be a short,
dark line in front of the eye. It grows to a maximum length of about
12 inches. This species has smooth dorsal scales except for faint keels
on parts of the tail. The juveniles has the same color and pattern as
the adult. Mating probably occurs in the spring and fall. In July and
August, 2-9 young are born live. This species is usually underground
but will come out during heavy summer rains. When picked up, it
seldom bites, but will play dead, give off a musk from the glands at
the base of the tail, or release feces when captured.
DISTRIBUTION: This snake occurs statewide. It is most abundant in
rich deciduous woodlands, although it may be found in fields, pastures,
or gardens where the soil is loose enough to burrow into. Rotting logs
and stumps are a favorite shelter, as is trash found near abandonded
homesites and barns.
FOODS: This species will consume earthworms, small slugs, snails,
soft-bodied insects and insect larvae.
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Sky Meadows Park
Crooked Run Valley