fourtoed salamander (Hemidactylium scutatum)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHARACTERISTICS: This species is 2 to 3.5 inches in length. The

back is brown and the belly is white with conspicuous scattered black

dots. This salamander is unique because it has 4 toes on each hind foot

(most salamanders have 5) as well as 4 on each front foot. The female

lays 30-50 eggs under sphagnum moss in early March, and the larvae

hatch in May. The larvae mature at 1.5 years. Brooding is a solitary ac-

tivity, but there is communal egg laying by up to 14 females. This spe-

cies is aquatic in the larval stage and terrestrial as an adult.

 

DISTRIBUTION: This salamander is found in the Coastal Plain (except
extreme southeast Virginia), Piedmont, and Ridge and Valley regions of
Virginia. It inhabits bogs, seepages or shallow ponds with moss-covered
logs, roots and grass clumps over quiet water. It is usually found in areas
with sphagnum moss.

 

FOODS: The four-toed salamander eats adult and larval insects, arthro-

pods, worms and other terrestrial invertebrates.

 

 

Back to Invntory of Amphibian Families and Species

Home Page

Park Activities

   Calendar of Events
  
Volunteer Programs

   Park Regulations

Sky Meadows Park
  
Location
   Geography
   Habitats
   Trails
   Visiting Park

   Virtual Tours

Crooked Run Valley

   Historic District

   Architecture Sites

   Mt. Bleak

   Historical Events

   Park History

   Agriculture

Special Projects

   Blue Bird

   Biodiversity Survey

   BioBlitz 

Home Page

Nature Guide

   Purpose

   Databases

   Copyright

Plants

   Trees

   Shrubs

   Vines

   Forbs/Herbs

   Ferns

   Grasses

Animals

   Mammals

   Birds

   Reptiles

   Amphibians

   Fish

   Butterflies

   Bees

Fungi

   Mushrooms

   Lichens