longtailed salamander (Eurycea longicauda longicauda)
CHARACTERISTICS: This is the only salamander that is yellowish
with conspicuous vertical black marks on the tail. The color may vary
from yellow to orange to red. The adult measures 4-6.25 inches. It has
a broad dorsal bandlimited either side by elongate dots or dashes enclos-
ing small, irregular, separate black spots. The sides of head and trunk
have separate black spots, and the belly is yellow. This salamander breeds underwater in winter, producing a clutch of 90 eggs. The eggs are attach-
ed to stones or boards in or suspended above underground water and the
female coils around the eggs.
DISTRIBUTION: This species occurs in the western part of Virginia.
It is mainly terrestrial and found in and beneath old rotting logs and un-
der stones, in crevices, shale banks and beneath litter near the margins
of streams, and in caves. It is associated with cool, slow-moving water.
It is often associated with limestone and shale substrates.
FOODS: This species eats adult and immature insects, arthropods,
worms, and other terrestrial invertebrates.
Crooked Run Valley