True Salamanders (Family Salamandridae)
Salamandridae is a family of salamanders consisting of true salamanders
and newts. There are currently 74 species (with more expected) spread
all over the northern hemisphere - Europe, Asia, the northern tip of
Africa and North America. Salamandrids are distinguished from other
salamanders by the lack of rib or costal grooves along the sides of the
body, and usually have rough skin.
Salamandrids generally have patterns of bright and contrasting colours,
although there are a few exceptions. They have four well-developed
limbs, with four toes on the forelimbs, and (in most cases) five toes on
the hindlimbs. They vary from 7 centimetres (2.8 in) to 30 centimetres
(12 in) in length.
Crooked Run Valley